Introduction to Commercial and Open Source Software

Introduction to Commercial and Open Source Software

Do  you have any idea about what is a commercial software or open-source software?
No?? Dont worry! Here is the Brief Introduction to Commercial and Open-Source Software.
Commercial and Open source are two different terms which have many definitions available on internet. 😜

Commercial: To make profits through products.

Open-Source:  Original source code is made freely available and it may be redistributed and modified by public.

Commercial and Open-source are applicable at : 🙅
- Economics
- Applications
- Computer Software
- Electronics
- Digital Content
- Robotics
- Transport
- Digital Communication
- Government
- Society and Culture
- Education
- Innovation Communities
And many more..

Let us now straightaway head towards The Introduction to Commercial and Open Source Software. 😉

Commercial Software:  💁
  1. It is developed for licensing or sale for general public.
  2. It is usually a software which is registered under a trade company by a individual or a company.
  3. Source code is almost a secret for public
  4. In some instances, it may be a public-domain software.
  5. Try before you buy
Commercial software has three versions : paid version, trial version, free version

Paid Version is for those who can afford money and buy its full version.

Trial Version is for demo purpose, it has only few limited features. As soon as the trial version expires, the software asks for upgrading to a premium version. Or you can use limited features if you dont want to upgrade.

Free Version also known as Freeware is proprietary software that is available for use at no monetary cost. In other words, freeware may be used without payment but may usually not be modified, re-distributed or reverse-engineered without the author's permission. Two historic examples of freeware include Skype and Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Source : Wikipedia

Public-domain Software: 
It doesn't has ownership such as copyright,trademark or patent.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Commercial Software:  

Advantages
Disadvantages
1) Availability of Full Features 1) Annual fees payment
2) Reliable 2) Maximum 30 days of trial period
3) Bug-Fixing Support 3) Source code is kept secret
4) Security Features 4) Public cannot modify source code
5) Requirement depends on market research for up-to-date services.

Open-Source Software: 💁
  1. It is developed for general public by a community.
  2. Public can contribute to the software or program by improving code or fixing bugs within community, or you can donate them money for their work.
  3. It is available to public at no cost.
  4. Documentation,blueprints and source code can be accessed by anyone.
  5. It has a universal access, anyone can contribute.
  6. Open source license states that it can be freely used,modified and shared.
  7. It is a collaborative effort by community to improve the program or software.
  8. Maintained by a community of skilled programmers.
Advantages of open source software
Disadvantages of open source software
Free to useMay not contain as many features as the equivalent commercial application
Can open most documents and files created by proprietary software (e.g. Microsoft Word)May not have as much bug-fixing support and security patches as commercial versions
Fairly intuitive to learn, if you know how to use the Microsoft Office suite then you won't have a problem using something like Open OfficeNot all of the software applications that you wish to use have an open source version available
If you have skilled programmers to hand, the source code can be adapted to suit your particular needs (that is what 'open source' means)Because industry and universities tend to use Microsoft Office, schools feel under pressure to stick to the 'industry standard' software
Source: http://www.teach-ict.com/gcse_new/software/types_software/miniweb/pg7.htm

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